- What is the number one cause of death in the United States?
B. Heart disease. Heart disease, which includes heart attack and stroke, is the number one cause of death for American women. Every year nearly 500,000 women die from heart disease, which is nearly 10 times the number of women who die from breast cancer.
- HDL is like a tow truck that removes ___________ from your blood.
C. LDL-C. HDL-C is known as the “good” cholesterol that helps take the “bad” cholesterol (LDL-C) out of the body. The higher your HDL-C level, the more “bad” cholesterol your body can remove.
- What are healthy LDL-C levels?
A. < 100 mg/dL. LDL-C carries cholesterol to tissues and can clog the arteries. Too much LDL-C can lead to plaque build-up and increases the risk for heart disease and stroke.
- What are healthy HDL-C levels?
C. > 40 mg/dL in men and > 50 mg/dL in women. The more HDL-C in your blood, the better. Research has shown that for every one mg/dL increase in HDL-C, your risk of a heart attack drops three to four percent.
- What are healthy triglyceride levels?
D. < 150 mg/dL. The normal level of triglycerides is 150. The risk of developing heart disease doubles when triglyceride levels are above 200. High levels of triglycerides are common in people who are overweight, who have diabetes or who have low HDL levels.
- What is the first treatment option for someone with unhealthy lipid levels?
B. Diet and exercise. Changes to diet and exercise should be the first treatment option if you have unhealthy lipid levels, though not everyone will be able to reach healthy levels without medication.
- Which of the following is not measured in a standard lipid panel?
C. Blood pressure. A lipid panel, conducted by your doctor at yearly check-ups, measures the contents of your blood.
- True or false: The most important cholesterol number to know is LDL-C.
False. It is important to know all of your cholesterol levels, including LDL-C, HDL-C, triglycerides and total cholesterol, in order to assess your risk of heart disease.